WASP-76b: The Exoplanet giant, the iron in the rain

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Science WASP-76b

The Exoplanet giant, the iron in the rain

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One night, as part of the ultra-hot giant exoplanet WASP-76b, which has a day-side facing the star, where the temperature is to climb above 2400 degrees Fahrenheit, high enough to heat the metal with a strong wind, and then, by pressing the iron steam to the cooler night side of the planet, where it will condense into tiny droplets of iron are seen in an illustration released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) on the 11th of March, in the year 2020. On the left side of the picture, we see that, on the night of the frontier of exoplanet where it goes from day to night. The ESO/M. Kornmesser/Handout via REUTERS MANDATORY CREDIT. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY. One night, as part of the ultra-hot giant exoplanet WASP-76b, which has a day-side facing the star, where the temperature is to climb above 2400 degrees Fahrenheit, high enough to heat the metal with a strong wind, and then, by pressing the iron steam to the cooler night side of the planet, where it will condense into tiny droplets of iron are seen in an illustration released by the European Southern Observatory (ESO) on the 11th of March, in the year 2020. On the left side of the picture, we see that, on the night of the frontier of exoplanet where it goes from day to night. The ESO/M. Kornmesser/Handout via REUTERS MANDATORY CREDIT. THIS IMAGE HAS BEEN SUPPLIED BY A THIRD PARTY.

The iron of the rain drops on it: the investigators, the presence of the dark side of WASP-76b

Source: via REUTERS

The distant Planet is called WASP-76b is located approximately 390 light-years away from earth. Now, researchers have designed scenarios for the atmosphere of the huge, 2400 degrees, the hot-exoplanets – to-read, fascinating.

Fthe researchers have an ultra, a giant hot-watching on the planet, where you’re concerned about iron rain. On the Dayside of the most extreme exoplanets, at a temperature of more than 2400 degrees Fahrenheit, which is sufficient to vaporize the metal, such as the European southern Observatory (ESO), in Garching, Germany, said. Strong winds to transport the iron to steam, and then to the cooler night side of the planet, where it condenses into tiny droplets of Iron.

The researchers used their observations from the Very Large Telescope (VLT) – ESO in Chile. “You could say that this is the planet on the night of the rain, it’s just that it’s raining iron,” said David Ehrenreich, University of Geneva, switzerland. He has conducted a study of unusual exoplanet, which has now been published in the journal “Nature”.

The distant Planet is called WASP-76b, and is about 390 light-years from earth in the constellation of pisces. The strange phenomenon of the iron and the rain is going to come back to the fact that the Planet and its parent star, turning one page at a time, that is, the day of, on the side of it. On the one side, the cold of the night, on the contrary, he remains in eternal darkness.

Due to the extreme temperature difference may cause the strong winds

Thus, the WASP-76b, – as the moon in its orbit around the earth by the tidal forces caused by the so-called “synchronous Rotation”: The Rotation about its axis takes as long as a circum-navigation of the city.

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In its day the hand of the ultra-hot celestial body of its mother star gets 1000 times more radiation than the earth is from the sun, scientists report. WASP-76b, and therefore, it is so hot that the molecules are divided into atoms, and metals such as iron, in the atmosphere and evaporate.

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This Halloween, take a tour of the NASA Exoplanet Exploration site of some of the most heart-stopping and mind-blowing destinations in our milky way galaxy. In this particular case, the world of the living nightmare, HD 189733 b is the murderer, will never see it coming. To the naked eye, in the far-off planet looks like a bright blue. Any traveler of the space to be confused with the friendly heavens, of the Earth, would be badly mistaken. All the time in the world, it's deadly. Winds blow up to 5,400 km / h (2 km/s) at seven times the speed of sound, it's whipping all of the opinions in a sickening spiral, all around the world. And getting caught in the rain on this planet, it's more than an inconvenience; it's a death by a thousand cuts. This is the blazing-world, alien-possibly two-of-glass—to-side, and in its howling winds. The cobalt blue color comes not from the reflection of a tropical ocean, as on Earth, but rather a hazy, blow-torched atmosphere containing high clouds laced with silicate particles.

At the same time, the extreme temperature is causing the difference between the day and the night on the side of the prevailing winds, which carry the iron to the steam from the extremely hot day side to the cool of the evening, as temperatures will fall to around 1500 degrees Celsius. In addition to this, the WASP-76b, a new study shows that it is not only a special day-you have night-time temperatures, but also to a pronounced day-night chemist.

On the Morning of the iron remains in the out-of-steam

Because it is the Instrument of the coffee shop at the ESO VLT in the Atacama desert in Chile, the astronomers, in the case of the WASP has been identified 76b, for the first time, the chemical changes into an extremely hot gas-giant planet: they have found a strong signature of iron in the steam on the night out of the zone, that separates the day from the night side of the planet.

“Surprisingly, we are not able to see your steam iron, however, in the Morning,” said Ehrenreich. The reason for this is that “it rains on the night side of the extreme-exoplanet-iron”.

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TOPSHOT, A child is observed in the Milky way galaxy in the night sky over the Desert of the Tatacoa, in the department of Huila, Colombia on the 11th of October, in the year 2018. (Photo: Luis ACOSTA / AFP) (Photo credit should read LUIS ACOSTA/AFP/Getty Images)

“The observations show that the atmosphere of the hot day-side of WASP-76b and a steam iron is abundant,” added Maria Rosa Zapatero Osorio, a physicist from the center for astrobiology in Madrid, and the Chairman of the “coffee lounge”-the science team. “For a small fraction of this iron is listed, due to the Rotation of the earth and the atmosphere, the winds on the night side. Then, the iron is too cold, environment, condenses and rains down.”