12 of march 2020
Coronavirus is the keyword most sought after in these last few weeks. Citizens around the world are very concerned about their expansion and the increase of cases day after day. It is increasingly high number of deaths due to the disease and the infected. In Spain, the country where it was thought that they would, already almost exceeds 2,000 affected and it is one of the european countries that sneaks into the rankings.
This virus which until just a few weeks we sounded like chinese, never better said, to be discovered in the decade of the 60’s, although its origin is still unknown. The different types of coronaviruses that there are can result from a simple cold to a respiratory syndrome severe. A large part of coronaviruses are no hazards and can be treated effectively. Are high-risk groups people with chronic diseases and advanced age.
Types of coronavirus
The coronavirus receives its name from the appearance it presents, as it is very similar to a crown or a halo. It is a type of virus present both in humans and in animals. The different types of coronaviruses found in recent years are the SARS-CoV (November 2002 in China), caused more than 700 deaths, MERS-CoV (2012 in Saudi Arabia), caused more than 800 deaths, and finally our well-known COVID-19. The first cases were detected in Wuhan (China) in December 2019.
Currently it is unknown the origin of these viruses. Just know that are transmitted on a limited human-to-human. The spread of this usually occurs by the respiratory route, through the respiratory droplets that people produce when they cough, sneeze or talk. In the case of the COVID-19 it is believed that comes from any animal. The first cases related to a market of live animals in the city of Wuhan.
In general, the main symptoms of the infections by coronaviruses are usually very similar to those of a common cold:
- Secretion and post-nasal drip.
- Sore throat and headache.
- Chills, and general malaise.
- Difficulty breathing (dyspnea)
Any symptom suspicious is very important to get in contact by telephone with the medical center and matenerse away from any other person. It is advisable not to leave the house to not spread the virus until after a period of quarantine and the symptoms returned.
By the time you do not have an effective vaccine for its cure, and is predicted take a few months to reach a final. So right now it is important to follow a series of steps to prevent it.
Maintain a basic hygiene it is the most effective way to avoid getting this virus in the places in which there is a greater risk of transmission. It is advisable to wash your hands frequently, soap and water, and avoid the contact with people already infected, protecting especially eyes, nose and mouth. Avoid bringing hands to the face. It is important that persons who believe that they may be infected, wear face masks.
The milder cases do not require hospitalization. Generally, as mentioned above, it is essential to stay at home. It is usually overcome in most cases by following the same steps that a cold common. Save rest and drink plenty of fluids. The symptoms will disappear in a few days. You can also take pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
In cases of coronavirus SARS, MERS CoV and COVID-19, it is often convenient to admission to hospital. They are administered antiviral drugs, high dose of steroids to reduce lung inflammation and respiratory support with oxygen; sometimes may require antibiotics.
Many celebrities have already taken steps to prevent it. The Kings have been greeted with nudges, others however have chosen to avoid greetings, or hands, or kissing. Can be rude but it is the most prudent. Some have seen their concerts were canceled, while the main television programs are not public. The whole extent is little to prevent the coronavirus. Even the use of toilet paper.
Until Isa Pantoja, which has left all bewildered. The sister of Kiko Rivera has posted on their stories of Instagram an image where it appears, eating a delicious and summery salad of tuna, hard-boiled egg and potato, and writes, “if it was already half vegetarian with the coronavirus more”. The networks have taken over, first because they don’t understand that does this nonsense after checking in addition to that there are tuna, that vegetarian has little.