A study of the World anti-Doping Agency (WADA) found no significant evidence that having a Therapeutic Use exemption (TUE) granted more likely to get an olympic medal, said the agency Thursday.
The AUT is a special permission granted to an athlete by the relevant anti-doping organisations that authorizes you to use a prohibited substance provided that there is a medical necessity for legitimate.
The american tennis player Serena Williams and the current olympic and world champion gymnast Simone Days are some athletes who have received a permission of that kind. Medical data confidential, the Williams, Bill and other athletes are stored on the system of the AMA were revealed publicly by hackers in 2016.
In the study released Thursday, the AMA examined the performance of the athletes with TUES in the summer Olympic Games in London-2012 and Rio-2016 and in the winter Games in Vancouver-2010, Sochi-2014 and Pyeongchang-2018.
“The percentage of athletes who competed with AUT stand (in individual competition) in the selected Games it was less than 1%,” said the medical director of WADA, Alan Vernec. “The analysis suggests that there is a significant association between compete with a TUE and the chance of winning a medal.”
“The results of this study provide objective data to dispel some of the misunderstandings and misgivings that surround the AUT”, noted.
In 2016, Bill said that he had been taking drugs since childhood for suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Williams, on the other hand, defended his use of AUT in 2018 stressing that he was not going to allow it to “give an advantage over someone else.”
Athletes receiving a TUE after a process of review and assessment by a panel doctor on the medical relevance of the application.
WADA and other anti-doping organizations conduct a additional evaluation.
“The AUT is a necessary part of the sport, that allows athletes with medical problems legitimate to compete on a level playing field,” said Vernec. “You have an acceptance of overwhelming on the part of athletes, doctors and actors-doping the fight against doping, and there is a rigorous process to avoid abuse of the system”.
The researchers calculated the risk ratios to determine the probability of winning a medal with and without AUT, and adjusted taking into account that athletes from countries with greater resources are likely to have better yields due to other factors.
In total there were 181 users TUE between 20.139 olympic athletes that were part of the study and obtained 21 of the 2.062 medals in game.