Under pressure from the government, the rapporteur of the Provisional Measure (MP) that created the Brazil Aid, deputy Marcelo Aro (Progressistas-MG), withdrew from his report the possibility of annual adjustment of the benefits of the government’s social program linked to inflation.
The MP’s vote, which defines the design of the new program created to be the hallmark of the Bolsonaro government, is scheduled for this Thursday, 25, in the morning.
In a tense meeting with party leaders, the president of the Chamber, Arthur Lira (Progressistas-AL), was adamant in his position against the automatic correction of the benefit, despite the arguments presented by the rapporteur.
With no way out, the rapporteur withdrew from the opinion, but got support to maintain the other changes included in the report, among them, the requirement that the government not put in line those who are entitled to the benefit. That is, whoever is eligible for the program will have the guarantee that they will receive it.
The MP must be voted on in the Chamber and Senate by December 7, when it expires. She ends Bolsa Família and creates Auxílio Brasil, which started to be paid this month. As shown by Estadão, in order to include more families in the program, the deputy expanded the criteria for families’ access to the program per capita (per person). The values had been defined in a government decree, but the rapporteur decided to raise the reference values in the report. The extreme poverty line will rise from R$100 to R$105 and the poverty line from R$200 to R$210.
“This increase is very little. It will still leave a lot of people out. People who are going to go hungry will not have the aid,” said PT leader in the Chamber, Bohn Gass (RS). According to him, these values need to be raised so that more families can have access to the program. The leader said that the PT is working to increase the amount of aid from R$400 to R$600 and make it permanent.
In the report that will be voted on, Marcelo Aro separated the three benefits of the anti-poverty nucleus of the five that he calls “social transformation” and the program’s exit point, such as sports assistance and scientific initiation (for families who have good school performance and in games), the citizen child (daycare voucher), rural production and urban production assistance (for those who get a job).
This division is also an attempt to contain the critics of experts who dubbed the numerous benefits of the “Christmas tree”, such as the risk of taking away the focus and resources that it needs most and is hungry.
By clarifying the separation between the transfer of income to the poorest, equivalent to Bolsa Família, and other new aids, the rapporteur prevents the budget for this basic transfer from being consumed by other aids, which have not yet been tested. According to him, it will be an option for the government to prioritize year after year which programs it thinks it should promote more.
Another important change is the removal of the limitation of five beneficiaries per family. The rapporteur included the nursing mother (a woman who breastfeeds) in the family composition. In the original text she was out to receive the benefit. It also included the option for the beneficiary to withdraw from lottery outlets and not just Caixa branches.
It also tightened the requirements for day care vouchers, which will be paid to mothers who are unable to enroll their child in a public day care center. The report places numerous requirements for day care centers to qualify.