With Flvio Bolsonaro’s vote against, the Senate approves the Paulo Gustavo Law – Politics

Paulo Gustavo and Flavio bolsonaro
(photo: Ed Alves/CB – Disclosure)

The Federal Senate approved, this Wednesday (24/11), the complementary bill (PLP 73/21), known as the Paulo Gustavo Law, which provides for the transfer of R$ 3.8 billion to the cultural sector, the in order to alleviate the negative economic and social impact of workers and businesses in the area. There were 68 votes in favor and five against, among them, that of senator Flvio Bolsonaro (Patriota-RJ). The text goes on for analysis by the Chamber of Deputies.

Created jointly by more than eight senators, the proposal aims to make visible and protect the sector that was severely affected by the necessary measures of social isolation during the pandemic, according to the rapporteur, Eduardo Gomes (MDB-TO). “The authors of the article emphasize that the cultural sector was the first to stop as a result of the current pandemic and, possibly, be the last to return to operation,” he said, defending the substitute presented by him.

“Gives the need to continue the help, started in 2020 by the Aldir Blanc law, to artists, content creators and companies that, together, make up an economic chain equivalent to 2.67% of the Gross Domestic Product and which are responsible for approximately of 5.8% of the total employed in the country, about 6 million people”, pointed out Eduardo.

The son of the president of the republic, Flvio Bolsonaro, and the leader of the government in the Senate, Fernando Bezerra (MDB-PE) voted against the proposal. Flvio even said that the project “empties the Special Secretariat for Culture, which has been doing a great job with the secretary Mario Fria”, without providing resources to “those who have always been served by past governments, without any criteria, just on the basis of cronyism “. J Fernando said that he sees “difficulty in enforcing” the law.

The PLP, approved in the form of the rapporteur’s substitute, determines that the amount will be transferred from the National Culture Fund to the states, municipalities and the Federal District. If approved by the Chamber of Deputies, the Presidency of the Republic must issue a provisional measure that makes the transfer feasible.

Among the main changes made by Eduardo is the removal of articles that changed the Fiscal Responsibility Law and the Rouanet Law, which prohibited and limited the commitment of resources from the National Culture Fund. According to the rapporteur, the provisions were beyond the main object of the matter, which is the granting of emergency help.

One of the creators of the matter, senator Paulo Rocha (PT-PA) stressed that the sector of relevance is “crucial for the country” and that without it, the nation “is unaware of its past, which ignores its present and compromises its future”.

“This law, which we named Paulo Gustavo, discusses the issue of the National Culture Fund, which is an achievement of the sector, which is already a sector fund, which is only managed by the government. Therefore, our law is a simple law”, he says .

“The Paulo Gustavo Law finances the cultural collective, the cultural sectors, and also has a local impact, on the economy of municipalities and states (…). It also values ​​the wealth of our country as it has a fundamental impact on No wonder that business sectors invest a lot in culture, because there is this issue of impact on our economy”, declares Paulo.

Senator Omar Aziz (PSD-AM) was keen to emphasize, in the vote, that the bill was right to name the law with the name of Paulo Gustavo and recalled the help of the artist Manaus, during the health crisis in the first quarter of the year.

“Bill that bears the name of a person for whom we, from Amazonas, have respect and to whom we are very grateful, that actor Paulo Gustavo, deceased, who, at the time when oxygen was lacking, was one of the first people to help the Amazon”, he pointed out.

Paulo Gustavo, a symbol of the current national comedy, died of covid-19 in May 2021, after nearly two months in hospital. In addition to acting, he was a director, comedian, screenwriter and presenter. The 42-year-old artist left behind two small children, Gael and Romeu, and her husband, Thales Bretas.

Project provides for the division of values ​​for cultural sectors

The text determines that, of the BRL 3.862 billion that will be transferred, BRL 2.797 billion must be allocated exclusively to actions aimed at the audiovisual sector, movie theaters, exhibitions, festivals and training actions.

The priority justified by the senators by the source of funds. The Audiovisual Sector Fund, a category of the National Culture Fund, will be the main funder of this transfer. Originally, the text divided the resources by federative entities, but the rapporteur decided to make the change.

JR$ 1.065 billion, the remaining amount, should be allocated to emergency actions assisted by the Fund in other areas of the sector. These are examples of public notices, public calls and other forms of selection to support cultural projects and initiatives, as well as for the maintenance of cultural spaces. In this case, half of the value will go to states and the DF, and the other half to municipalities and the DF. The allocation of resources must be made by the end of 2022.

States, municipalities and the DF must follow a model for accountability

The use of values ​​must be rigorously described for accountability. The information can be provided in three ways: in loco (when the support received is worth less than R$ 200 thousand); in object execution report; or in a financial performance report. Each modality has different characteristics and recipients and they are described in the text.

If the accounts are disapproved, the return of resources is required; or a compensatory action plan must be presented.

Furthermore, federative entities are prohibited from allocating the resources of the Paulo Gustavo Law to the beneficiaries of the Aldir Blanc Law.

Offsets

Projects or institutions benefiting from the resources must commit to carry out actions of social counterpart. In the case of the audiovisual sector, the activities must be agreed with the cultural manager of each federative entity, however, free exhibitions of the contents are mandatory, with the assurance of accessibility to all necessary groups; in addition to involvement with the local education network.

For other cultural sectors, the counterparts are primarily directed to students and teachers from public schools and public or private universities, if they have Prouni students. Health professionals involved in the fight against the pandemic must also receive some kind of compensation, such as online exhibitions or public exhibitions with free tickets.

In addition, other priority groups must be encouraged to participate in the actions of the cultural sector, such as women, indigenous people, LGBTQIA+ people, people with disabilities and black people.

With information from the Senate Agency