Transmission occurs through direct contact with saliva, secretions, feces or contaminated food
The Health of Mato Grosso do Sul issued a warning to parents in the state facing an outbreak of hand-foot-mouth syndrome in children up to five years old in the state. The disease causes canker sores all over the mouth and lesions/ulcers on the hands and feet, in addition to fever in the first days of onset.
Caused by Coxsackie viruses and Enteroviruses, the syndrome can manifest within seven days and spread for up to four weeks after recovery. The discomfort in children is great, as they are unable to eat due to mouth sores.
The State Coordination of Epidemiological Surveillance, through coordinator Ana Paula Rezende de Oliveira Goldfinger, explains that the transmission happens through direct contact with saliva, mucus (secretions), feces or contaminated food.
“It is necessary for parents to be aware of their children’s behavior. Avoid walking in unfamiliar places and without proper sanitation and touching handrails. If symptoms appear, take them immediately to medical attention”, he says.
Faced with the massive return to early childhood education schools, after reopening, cases have increased a lot.
Recommendations – recommendations of the technical manager of acute and exanthematic diseases of the SES (Secretary of Health), Jakeline Miranda Fonseca, explains that the child, when diagnosed with the disease, should remain at rest at home and drink plenty of fluids, in addition to eating well .
“The recommended thing is to offer the child pasty foods such as purees and porridges, jellies and ice cream, as they are easier to swallow. Cold drinks, such as natural juices, teas and water are indispensable and necessary for their hydration”.
Another recommendation is for those who are going to handle the child, wash their hands after changing diapers and using handkerchiefs, and dispose of them in closed garbage. If the child is older, wash their hands with soap and water as well. Use a respiratory tag when coughing or sneezing – cover the mouth with a tissue or forearm. Avoid kissing the child.
Both at home and in the school environment, the recommendation is to sanitize the surface, objects, especially toys or doorknobs that may have direct contact with saliva and secretions and even feces. Ideally, use a little bleach diluted in water to disinfect the environment. It is also recommended not to share bottles, cutlery, cups or sheets.