How many people have died so far in the war between Russia and Ukraine? This has been one of the most difficult questions to answer in this conflict. The governments of Russia and Ukraine have not provided constant bulletins with death tolls — and the little data released so far has not been independently verified. BBC News Brasil summarizes the current moment of the conflict here. Click on the highlighted links to delve deeper into the topics.
The number of dead in the confrontation between Russia and Ukraine so far varies according to different balances: 636 civilians have died (according to the UN, as of 3/14), at least 1,300 Ukrainian soldiers (according to the President of Ukraine, on 3/13), 2,300 Ukrainian civilians in Mariupol alone (according to the Ukrainian government on 3/15) and 498 Russian soldiers (according to the Russian government on 2/3, at the beginning of the invasion).
There are several problems with these statistics. The main thing is that independent entities – such as humanitarian agencies or media outlets – are unable to verify the veracity of the data. The information on 636 civilian deaths presented on 3/14 in a bulletin from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (ENUCAH) is considered too conservative.
Ukraine presented higher numbers that could not be independently verified.
The Mariupol legislature said on 3/15 that 2,357 civilians had died in bombings in the city – which has been one of the most heavily attacked by Russia. The information was published by the website of the Ukrainian newspaper Kyiv Post. Oleksiy Arestovych, an adviser to Ukraine’s presidency, says a further 2,500 died in Mariupol. Ukraine’s president claimed that more than 1,300 Ukrainian soldiers had died as of 3/12. And there are many reports of deaths — including many children — that don’t even show up in these statistics.
Another problem is the lack of regularity in the information.
Russia does not update data on how many of its soldiers have died. The last bulletin was released almost two weeks ago (on 2/3), and reported the death of 498 soldiers. Since then, Ukrainian sources have reported the deaths of three high-ranking Russian generals.
Finally, there is a mismatch between information — especially when it comes to rival sources. The American press reported that an anonymous official of the US government (Ukraine’s ally) estimated, on 3/10, at “5,000 to 6,000” Russian soldiers dead and between “2,000 and 4,000” the number of Ukrainian soldiers. .
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