Woman discovers cancer after investigating dark spot on nail
Jenni Smith March 30, 2022HealthComments Off on Woman discovers cancer after investigating dark spot on nail14 Views
The appearance of nails can reveal important clues about a person’s health, such as vitamin deficiency, liver and heart problems. The American Maria Sylvia went viral on social media this month, telling that she lived for 10 years with a dark spot on her thumbnail, but only this year discovered that it was a subungual melanoma, popularly called nail cancer.
The story caught the attention of TikTok users. In two weeks, the video reached 14.7 million views.
Maria explained that she first noticed a nail mark in 2012, when she looked pale. About a year later, the stain was bigger and darker. The American said that she visited doctors for years, but the diagnosis only came in January of this year, after doing a biopsy.
@invrfoundwaldo I wish I were joking lol but i have some awesome photos #SmoothLikeNitroPepsi #theadamproject #cancer #darkhumour #fml #myjourney ♬ original sound – kooze
“My friend really encouraged me to get a biopsy. So I did. It was at the end of January that I found out it was a case of subungual melanoma. Basically, this translates to cancer under the nail.”
The American underwent surgery to remove the affected nail and part of the thumb bone. During the procedure, doctors even grafted a piece of skin from her arm onto her finger. New test results confirmed that there were no more cancer cells at the site.
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According to the National Cancer Institute, for each year of the triennium 2020/2022, about 625 thousand cases of the disease will be recorded in Brazil. Apart from skin cancer, the most common types that affect Brazilians are prostate, breast, cervix, lung, stomach, oral cavity and thyroid.Science Photo Library – STEVE GSCHMEISSNER, Getty Images
Extremely common in the country, skin cancer is characterized by the appearance of tumors on the skin in the form of spots or spots with irregular shapes. Related to prolonged exposure to the sun, exposure to artificial tanning cameras or for hereditary reasons, the disease can be treated through surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.miriam-doerr/istock
Breast cancer is caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of cells in the breast. Although common in women, the disease can also affect men. Among the symptoms of the disease are: pain in the breast region, hardened lump, redness, swelling and bloody secretion. Treatment involves surgery to remove the breast, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy.SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY/Getty Images
More common in men, prostate cancer has the following symptoms: blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, the need to urinate several times a day and the delay in starting and finishing urinating. Surgery and radiation therapy are among the treatments for the disease.Getty Images
Although it may be related to hyperthyroidism, smoking, changes in sex hormones and diabetes, for example, thyroid cancer is still not well understood by experts. Despite this, treatments against the disease involve hormone therapy, radiotherapy, radioactive iodine and chemotherapy, depending on the case. getty images
Lung cancer is one of the types with the highest incidence in Brazil. Related to the use or prolonged exposure to smoking, its main symptoms are shortness of breath, chest pain, recurrent pneumonia, bronchitis, bloody sputum and frequent coughing. The disease is treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or/and surgeryBSIP / getty images
In Brazil, squamous squamous cell carcinoma has the highest incidence among stomach cancers. Treatments involve surgery or radiation and chemotherapyiStock
Stomach cancer is diagnosed after identifying malignant tumors spread throughout the organ that can appear as ulcers. Related to infections caused by Helicobacter Pylori, by the presence of ulcers and untreated chronic gastritis, for example, the disease can cause vomiting with blood or blood in the stool, frequent belly pain and constant heartburnSmith Collection/Gado/Getty Images
Cervical cancer has symptoms of intermittent vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain related to bowel or urinary complaints, and abnormal vaginal discharge. Treatment involves chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.Science Photo Library/GettyImages
Oral cancer is a disease that involves the presence of malignant tumors on the lips, gums, roof of the mouth, tongue, cheeks and bones. It is more common in men over 40 years old and has as symptoms oral cavity sores, tongue stains and neck nodules, for example. Treatment involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation.pexels
Subungual melanoma, or nail melanoma, is a type of cancer that affects the tissues below the fingernails and toenails, most commonly the thumbs. It is difficult to diagnose because it has features similar to a bruise or an infection.
In addition to the darker band of pigmentation, as seen on American nail, patients may develop brittleness and bleeding at the affected site.
According to the Oncoguia Institute, the disease accounts for less than 5% of all cases of melanoma. Despite being the most fatal type of skin cancer, the survival rate in early diagnosis is 98%.