Video circulating on social media shows a patient from Itaguaí (RJ), with suspected monkeypox, complaining of pain, fever and blisters that appear on the body. The woman – who did not have her identity revealed – was treated at the city hospital and remains in home isolation, under monitoring.
In all, Brazil has eight confirmed cases of monkeypox: four in São Paulo, two in Rio Grande do Sul and two in Rio de Janeiro.
“Yesterday I went to the [Hospital] San Francisco [Xavier]with suspected smallpox [dos macacos]. My face is very aggressive, with glands, here on the neck and a little further down. I’m in a lot of pain, I have a lot of fever, a lot of headaches, and these blisters keep hurting,” she said in the recording.
“I’m still waiting for the results of the exams that went to Rio,” he added.
In an interview with the local website “Atual”, the woman said that she began to feel the first symptoms on June 14. She said she works at a hotel in the Costa Verde region, famous for receiving a considerable number of foreign tourists, but that she has not been to work for over a month.
The patient said that she is taking dipyrone and deocil to minimize pain. Health professionals went to her house, this Monday (20), to collect material and send it to the Oswaldo Cruz Institute for analysis.
In a note to UOLItaguaí City Hall said that the case of this patient is already under investigation and that all containment and control measures have been adopted.
“The Health Department has already officially communicated the state health authorities”, he points out.
The state health department said that “the monitoring of the case is being carried out by the municipal surveillance with the support of the state surveillance”.
“The patient is a 25-year-old woman who is currently in isolation at home,” he says.
How contamination happens
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease transmitted by close/intimate contact with an infected person with skin lesions. This contact can be, for example, by hugging, kissing, massages, sexual intercourse or close and prolonged respiratory secretions.
“Transmission also occurs by contact with objects, fabrics (clothes, bedding or towels) and surfaces that were used by the patient. There is no specific treatment, but in general the clinical pictures are mild and require care and observation of the lesions” , informed the government of São Paulo, in a note.
- Avoid close/intimate contact with the sick person until all wounds have healed;
- Avoid contact with any material, such as bedding, that has been used by the sick person;
- Hand hygiene, washing them with soap and water and/or use of alcohol gel.
Know the symptoms
The first symptoms may be fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills or tiredness. One to three days after the onset of these symptoms, people develop skin lesions that may be located on the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and/or genital regions.
Risk of death is low
Monkeypox can be lethal, but the risk is low. There are two distinct groups of the disease virus circulating in the world, grouped together based on their genetic characteristics: one predominantly in Central African countries — with a fatality rate of around 10% — and another circulating in West Africa, with a much lower rate. , of 1%.
The still incipient genomic surveillance shows that the virus circulating outside the African continent is the least lethal.
Complications can occur, especially secondary bacterial infections of the skin or lungs, which can progress to sepsis and death or spread of the virus to the central nervous system, generating a condition of severe brain inflammation called encephalitis, which can have serious sequelae or lead to death. .
In addition, as with any acute viral disease, depending on the patient’s immune status and conditions and access to adequate medical care, some cases can lead to death.
Smallpox vaccine protects
Studies show that prior smallpox vaccination can be effective against monkeypox by up to 85%. This is because both viruses belong to the same family and therefore there is a degree of cross protection due to the genetic homology between them.
However, as smallpox was eradicated over 40 years ago, there are currently no vaccines available to the general public. On the 14th, the WHO started to recommend vaccination against smallpox, but only for priority groups, that is, for people who had contact with those who had the disease and health professionals.