The Ministry of Health reported today that so far 11 cases of monkeypox have been confirmed in the country. According to the folder, seven patients are in São Paulo, two in Rio de Janeiro and two in Rio Grande do Sul.
The patients’ health status and the cities where they are located were not reported.
According to the ministry, another 10 suspected cases are being investigated. There are two in Ceará, four in Rio de Janeiro, one in Santa Catarina, one in Acre and two in Rio Grande do Sul.
The ministry also reported that it is monitoring cases and tracking patient contacts through the Situation Room and CIEVS (Center for Strategic Information on Health Surveillance).
The first Brazilian with monkeypox in the country was released from hospital yesterday. Anderson Ribeiro spent 14 days in isolation at Hospital Emílio Ribas, in São Paulo.
How contamination happens
Monkeypox is a rare viral disease transmitted by close/intimate contact with an infected person with skin lesions. This contact can be, for example, by hugging, kissing, massages, sexual intercourse or respiratory secretions close and for a long time.
Prevention and symptoms
To prevent infection, the recommendation is to avoid close/intimate contact with the sick person until all wounds have healed; avoid contact with any material, such as bedding, that has been used by the sick person; and hand hygiene, washing them with soap and water and/or alcohol gel.
The first symptoms may be fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills or tiredness. One to three days after the onset of these symptoms, people develop skin lesions that may be located on the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and/or genital regions.
Monkeypox can be lethal, but the risk is low. There are two distinct groups of the disease virus circulating in the world, grouped together based on their genetic characteristics: one predominantly in Central African countries – with a fatality rate of around 10% – and another circulating in West Africa, with a much lower rate, of 1%.
Complications can occur, especially secondary bacterial infections of the skin or lungs, which can progress to sepsis and death or spread of the virus to the central nervous system, generating a condition of severe brain inflammation called encephalitis, which can have serious sequelae or lead to death. .
In addition, as with any acute viral disease, depending on the patient’s immune status and conditions and access to adequate medical care, some cases can lead to death.
Next Thursday (23), a meeting will be held to discuss the growing number of infections around the world. The WHO is considering whether or not to declare the spread of monkeypox cases a global health emergency.
There are more than 2100 confirmed cases of monkeypox in 42 countries around the world.