Security: what the presidential candidates’ government plans say | Elections 2022

Measures related to public security appear as priority issues in government plans submitted to the Superior Electoral Court (TSE) by candidates for the Presidency of the Republic.

Check out the proposals below. for public safety, in alphabetical orderof the four best placed in the polls for voting intentions Ciro Gomes, Jair Bolsonaro, Lula and Simone Tebet :

Ciro Gomes proposes a Single Public Security System — Photo: Ton Molina/Fotoarena/Estadão Content

Ciro Gomes states in his government plan that “a series of policies and actions will be necessary to improve the population’s safety and, consequently, people’s quality of life”. The document states that it was based on suggestions offered by the Brazilian Public Security Forum.

See the main points:

Single public security system: The candidate wants to put into practice the Single Public Security System (Susp), a project sanctioned in 2018 by Michel Temer. The purpose of the measure is standardize procedures in the public safety sector. For this, the bodies that are part of the system must share information and promote the exchange of technical and scientific knowledge.

Drug Policy: Ciro says that the drug policy must be redesigned in order to prioritize risk and harm reduction and that it is articulated with justice, health and social assistance, with a focus on increasing the rates of rehabilitation of the prison population.

Restructuring the police career and use of technology: He defends the restructuring of police careers through the qualification and improvement of agents. “Programs of attention to the biopsychosocial health of public security professionals must be implemented”. In addition, it supports the use of advanced technologies for managing knowledge, information, communication and tracking in the fight against crime and organized crime.

gender violence: The government plan proposes the implementation of law 14,330/2022, which includes the National Plan for the Prevention and Confrontation of Violence against Women in the National Public Security and Social Defense Policy.

Bolsonaro defends access to weapons – Photo: Adriano Machado/Reuters

The reelection candidate’s government plan places the expansion of the right of self-defense as one of its main values.

See the main points:

Access to Firearms: One of Bolsonaro’s proposals for the preservation of life is access to weapons. According to the document, access to firearms is an “important element that contributes to public security policy and to social pacification.”

“In this second term, the fundamental right to self-defense and individual freedom will be preserved and expanded, especially regarding the strengthening of legal institutes that ensure access to firearms for citizens”, says the text.

Investment in public safety: Another promise is to increase investment in public security agencies, in the Armed Forces and improve career and compensation plans of the agents.

PL on the exclusion of illegality: Bolsonaro sent Congress a bill that defines situations in which military and security agents can be exempted from punishment for committing something considered prohibited by law, such as killing.

The Brazilian Penal Code already provides for the exclusion of illegality for any citizen in three situations: in strict compliance with legal duty, in cases of self-defense and in a state of need. The new text deals exclusively with the action of agents in cases of Law and Order Guarantee (GLO) operations and defines in which situations self-defense is justified. According to the government’s plan, the proposal will be “pursued by the government in the new term”.

Field safety: Bolsonaro proposes to seek solutions to protect people living in the countryside, as well as their equipment and supplies. The document says that families and properties should be “the object of effective policies and quick actions to guarantee their security and freedom, whether for the small producer of family agriculture, or for the large producer of agriculture”.

The current president also promises to “increase land tenure regularization actions, allied to the fundamental right to self-defense and the strengthening of legal institutes that ensure access to firearms for citizens, guaranteeing the right to property, reducing conflicts in the countryside and invasions “.

Lula sees the issue of security as a fundamental right — Photo: Carla Carniel/Reuters

Lula’s government plan places public safety as a fundamental right.

See the main points:

Attention to minorities: The document says that the public security protocol should be guided by the qualification of police action and will prioritize “the prevention, investigation and processing of crimes and violence against women, black youth and the LGBTQIA+ population”.

Single public security system: Like Cyrus, the PT also promises the implementation and improvement of the Single Public Security System, “modernizing governance and management strategies, instruments and mechanisms”. The plan says that a nationally coordinated and integrated policy is essential to reduce homicides involving investment, technology, fighting organized crime and militias, in addition to specific public policies for populations made vulnerable by crime.

Drug Policy: “The country needs a new drug policy, intersectoral and focused on risk reduction, prevention, treatment and user assistance. The current military model of combating trafficking will be replaced by strategies to confront and dismantle criminal organizationsbased on knowledge and information, with the strengthening of investigation and intelligence”, states the text.

Selection and training of police officers: Lula guarantees that “improving the technical qualifications of police officers will be a permanent quest to be achieved.” To this end, he proposes to reformulate the processes of selection and training of police officers, in addition to the continuous training of agents through the updating of doctrines and the standardization of operational procedures.

gender violence: The former president states in the document that the Brazilian State must ensure the full protection of women’s human dignity, as well as develop public policies to prevent violence and to guarantee their lives.

Similarities between Lula and Ciro

Montage with photos by Ciro Gomes and Lula — Photo: Marcos Serra Lima/g1 and Sérgio Castro/Estadão Content

When comparing Lula’s and Ciro’s government plans, some parts of the texts draw attention to the level of similarity to each other. The case happens at least twice in the public safety part.

When talking about social minorities, the documents cite, in the same order, the following terms: attention to women, black youth and the LGBTQIA+ population:

Excerpt from Lula’s plan — Photo: Reproduction

Excerpt from Ciro Gomes’ government plan — Photo: Reproduction

The other occurrence is on the issue of drug policy. In the same order, the following expressions are repeated: drug policy, intersectoral and risk reduction.

Excerpt from Lula’s government plan — Photo: Reproduction

Excerpt from Ciro’s government plan — Photo: Reproduction

Senator Simone Tebet defends the repeal of the decree on weapons — Photo: Roque de Sá / Agência Senado

Simone Tebet’s government plan highlights that the country needs to regain peace, civility and harmony.

Repeal of Decrees on Weapons: The candidate states that “Brazil urgently needs to overcome violence”. One of the measures to achieve this objective would be “to revoke decrees of the current government that weakened control over the possession and possession of weapons”.

Tebet refers to the series of measures signed by Bolsonaro that relaxed the rules to facilitate the purchase of weapons and ammunition by the population.

* With supervision by Ricardo Gallo

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